There are currently 1.2 million nomadic Pastoralists in Iran, organized in over 500 Tribes and independent clans. They share with each other three essential Characteristics :
* They migrate regularly between Summering and wintering quarters(usually from cooler mountain pastures to warmer plains ) in order to take Advantage of seasonal grazing resources.
* They are traditional herders of sheep, goats, camels and other livelihood.
* They have tribe structures often based on kinship, clan and other types of communal organizations.
Cattle – raising & Tribal structure of the society are both attributed to migratory way of life, yet these are not the only characteristics. The only factors distinguishing them from sedentary communities are the seasonal migrations & lack of specific village settlement. Unfortunately we don’t have sufficient information regarding the nomadic tribes in Iran before Islam. In the Islamic era, Iranian tribes consisted of Kurds, Lurs, Baluchis, Arabs, Turks & the barahuis. This style of living gained importance in Seljuk period (11th- 14th century). Migratory Iranian tribes mainly live along the Zagros mountain range and in West & East Azarbaijan in the western part of Iran as well as in Kermanshahan, Khuzistan, Luristan, Ilam and chahar – Mahal -o- Bakhtiyari, Kohkiluyeh and Boyer – Ahmad , Fars, Khorassan, Sistan & Baluchistan, Semnan & the central region of Iran.
The hierarchy of divisions in tribes in Iran , for example among Qashqaies are as follows: Tribes are usually divided into a few clans. Clans in turn consist of a few sects which are further divided into “Bonkus” consisting of a few families called ” Obeys “.
Handicrafts, well – known in the world have an important role in the economy of the tribal family. Meat & dairy products constitute their main economic activities. Tribes often define their group & clans in terms of tents. “Tent” denotes the word ” home “. Depending on their ethnic background, Iranian tribes speak Persian, Kurdish, Turkish and Arabic.
A tour to nomad’s region
Day 01 – Tehran – Isfahan / Early morning drive to Isfahan. En route in Kashan & in Natanz we visit some historical sites , arrive in Isfahan , O/N.
Day 02 – Isfahan / Morning tour of Imam Square in Isfahan, at night we visit Isfahan bridges. O/N .
Day 03 – Isfahan – Shahrekord / Half day tour of Vank Church, Jame Mosque, Shaking Minarets, PM drive o Shahrekord . O/N Shahrekord.
Day 04 – Bakhtiari Nomad’s region / Full day tour in the region , O/N Shahrekord.
Day 05 – Sharekord – Yasouj / Early morning drive to Yasouj via Semirom.O/N.
Day 06 – Qashqaei Nomad’s region / Morning visit the Qashqaei Nomad tents, PM drive to Shiraz.O/N Shiraz.
Day 07 – Shiraz – Persepolis – Shiraz / Morning tour of Persepolis and Naghsh-e-Rostam. PM tours include a visit to Eram Garden, Koran Gate, Tomb of Hafez .O/N.
Day 08 – Shiraz – Firouzabad – Shiraz / Full Day drive to Firouzabad to visit the Qashqaei Nomad tents, O/N Shiraz.
Day 09 – Shiraz – Tehran / Morning flight to Tehran, we end the tour in Tehran or extend for other programs
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