Yazd province, in the center of Iran , is located between the latitudes 31 53' and 32 56' N. and longitudes 52 55' and 57 30' E.
It is bounded on the north and the west by Esfahan province, on the northeast by Khorasan province, on the southwest by Fars province and on the southeast by Kerman province.
Yazd has an area of 69,605 square kilometers and based on the 1995 divisions it has 7 counties named Yazd, Ardakan, Bafq, Taft, Abarkuh, Mehriz and Meybod, 16 towns, 14 rural districts and 38 villages.
The center of this province is Yazd. City in central Iran with 330,000 inhabitants (1996). It is situated on the border zone between the Great Salt Desert to the north and the Great Sand Desert to the south. It is the capital of Yazd Province with 750,000 inhabitants (1996).
Yazd has been the junction for the trading routes between Fars and Khorasan, Iraq and Kerman as well as fortrade from India and central Asia
Yazd is famous for its silk textiles. Other industries include spinning and weaving mills, production of water purification and filtration equipment, mining and quarrying. Agricultural products include almonds, some grain, wheat, barley, cotton, oilseeds, indigo plants, fruits, and vegetables. Yazd is well connected by road and railway to Kerman 300 km southeast, Qom 700 km northwest, Esfahan 400 km west and Teheran 900 km northwest. It also has an airport.